Skip to content

Melasma: Causes, Treatment Options, and Management

Melasma is a common skin condition that is characterized by the appearance of dark, discolored patches on the face. It is most commonly found in women, and is often triggered by hormonal changes such as pregnancy or the use of birth control pills. However, it can also be caused by sun exposure and certain medications.


What is Melasma?

Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation, which means that it is caused by an excess production of melanin, the pigment that gives color to our skin, hair, and eyes. The dark patches of melasma are typically found on the cheeks, forehead, upper lip, and nose, and may be symmetrical on both sides of the face.

Treatment Options for Melasma

There is no cure for melasma, but it can be managed and treated with a combination of topical creams, chemical peels, and PicoWay® laser treatments. It is important to protect the skin from the sun, as ultraviolet (UV) radiation can worsen melasma and make it more difficult to treat. Sunscreen with a high SPF, wide-brimmed hats, and protective clothing can all help to reduce the risk of melasma flare-ups.

It is also important to avoid irritating the skin, as this can trigger an excess production of melanin. This means avoiding harsh skincare products and avoiding picking at or scratching the affected areas.

In some cases, melasma may resolve on its own, particularly after pregnancy or the discontinuation of certain medications. However, for many people, melasma is a chronic condition that requires ongoing management and treatment.

Melasma Treatments With PicoWay Laser Before After

Seek Professional Help

If you are concerned about melasma or are experiencing dark patches on your skin, it is important to speak with a dermatologist or skincare professional. They can help to diagnose the cause of your melasma and recommend the most appropriate treatment options. With the right care and management, it is possible to effectively manage and reduce the appearance of melasma.